Think Twice Weekly Report

DECEMBER 2, 2023 - DECEMBER 8, 2023

The Think Twice Weekly Report compiles public education-related policy reports, research and articles of interest to policymakers, educators and stakeholders. This list is not exhaustive but is meant to highlight recent reports that may be used to support or undermine the work of our subscribers in supporting public schools. We encourage you to take a moment to scan these reports and determine if they may be used by policy makers to assist or erode your mission.

Policy Reports

Literacy Education

Source: CRPE
Date: 12/5/2023
Teachers and tutors together: Reimagining literacy instruction in Oakland

In a new report package How States Protect Funding for K-12 Public Schools, EdChoice Director of Fiscal Research & Education Center Martin Lueken, along with EdChoice fellow and associate professor at the University of Missouri, St. Louis, James Shuls, explore state-by-state funding protections for public schools and their benefits and drawbacks.


This research provides education reform stakeholders with valuable perspectives on how expanding choice polices interact with funding protections such as declining enrollment and funding guarantees, also known as hold harmless provisions, within their states.

Math Education / Student Achievement

Source: Ed Trust
Date: 12/5/2023
Opportunities Denied: High-Achieving Black and Latino Students Lack Access to Advanced Math

For this brief, The Education Trust and Just Equations partnered to explore differences in patterns of math course enrollment for high school students using data from students who participated in the 2009 High School Longitudinal Study (HSLS:09). Like other research has shown, we find that high-achieving Black and Latino students and students from low-income backgrounds who take and pass Algebra I in eighth grade still end up taking advanced math courses in high school at lower rates than their peers. The data also points to the likelihood that students who did and did not take advanced math courses in high school have different experiences with math teachers' and counselors' practices and perceptions.

Student Achievement

Source: Fordham Institute
Date: 12/5/2023
The Education Competition Index: Quantifying competitive pressure in America's 125 largest school districts

Exposing traditional school districts to greater competition is a central goal of education reform in the United States. Yet because of the complexity of reform efforts, quantifying "competition" is challenging.


In this report, Fordham analysts David Griffith and Jeanette Luna use data from multiple sources to estimate how much competition the 125 largest school districts in the United States face for students, how the answer to that question differs by student group, and how the competition facing each district has increased or decreased in the past decade.


Interactive figures embedded in the report allow readers to see how specific forms of competition have evolved in particular communities.

Student Achievement / Curriculum / Equity and Social Justice

Source: Ed Trust
Date: 12/7/2023
Increasing Access to Advanced Coursework in Washington

Research shows that when students have access to advanced coursework opportunities, they work harder and are more engaged in school, have fewer absences and suspensions and higher graduation rates. Unfortunately, many Black and Latino students and students from low-income backgrounds lack equitable access to advanced coursework opportunities, such as gifted and talented programs in elementary school, eighth grade Algebra courses, Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), and dual enrollment programs in high school. As a result, these students are missing out on crucial opportunities that can set them up for success after high school.

Reports Reviewed

GLC seeks to ensure that policy briefs impacting education reform are based on sound, credible academic research. Below are reviews conducted with GLC support.

Review of From Surviving to Thriving: K-12 Choice and Opportunity for Rural Texas Students and Teachers

Source: Heritage Foundation
Reviewed by: Amanda Potterton of the University of Kentucky, Annah Rogers of the University of West Alabama, and Jeanne Powers of Arizona State University

The Heritage Foundation recently published a report that claims increased competition has improved academic achievement in Arizona's rural public schools and that similar policies will be good for rural Texas. However, a review finds several flaws in the report's reasoning and methodology.

Amanda Potterton of the University of Kentucky, Annah Rogers of the University of West Alabama, and Jeanne Powers of Arizona State University reviewed From Surviving to Thriving: K-12 Choice and Opportunity for Rural Texas Students and Teachers. They found that the data provided in the report fails to support its contention that rural Texas would do well to copy Arizona's example.

What We're Reading

Research and articles that we want to highlight for subscribers as potential resources:

The $1.8-Billion Lawsuit Over a Teacher Test

By:Emma Green, The New Yorker

In the nineties, New York began requiring aspiring educators to take an exam. Thousands of people later claimed that the test was racially biased.

The Nation's Charter Report Card

By: Paul E Peterson, EdNext
First-ever state ranking of charter student performance on the National Assessment of Educational Progress

Economist Douglas Harris Makes The Free Market Argument Against Vouchers

By: Peter Greene, Forbes
The logic of the free market, in the case of schooling, fails on its own terms.

Ed Dept calls on more states to develop innovative assessments

By: Kara Arundel, K-12 Dive

In a letter to state education leaders, Education Secretary Miguel Cardona says assessments can “maximize the quality of and returns on instructional time.”

New State Education Practices Release: State-level PK-12 Web Tables

By: National Center for Education Statistics
The National Center for Education Statistics has released new web tables on the State Education Practices site, a website that provides state-level data-primarily data collected by organizations other than NCES-on elementary and secondary education reform efforts in eight topic areas: Enrollment and Attendance Policy, School Choice, High School Completion, Early Childhood and Kindergarten, Accountability, Subject-Specific Policy, Staff Qualifications, State Assessments.