Think Twice Weekly Report

APRIL 20, 2024 - April 26, 2024

The Think Twice Weekly Report compiles public education-related policy reports, research and articles of interest to policymakers, educators and stakeholders. This list is not exhaustive but is meant to highlight recent reports that may be used to support or undermine the work of our subscribers in supporting public schools. We encourage you to take a moment to scan these reports and determine if they may be used by policy makers to assist or erode your mission.

Policy Reports

Teacher Education, Quality, and Professional Development

Source: Learning Policy Institute
Date: 4/1/2024
Successful Teacher Residencies: What Matters and What Works

Teacher residencies represent important opportunities to address teacher shortages while improving teacher preparation. Viewed as highly effective pathways by program graduates and their employers, residencies also provide robust financial and educational support, enabling them to attract diverse candidates who stay in teaching. California has made large-scale investments in teacher residencies since 2018, and, in 2021, about 10% of all newly prepared teachers in California came through a residency pathway. This brief describes policy-relevant findings and recommendations from a set of case studies examining five of the state's most effective programs, as judged by graduates and their employers. Included are ways in which the programs exemplify eight research-based characteristics of effective residencies. Key recommendations include strategies for designing and funding program models that are sustainable and supporting candidates so they can afford to attend.

Politics, Policy, and School Practices

Source: Bellwether
Date: 4/24/2024
Finding a Way Forward: An Analysis of Federal Policy and Learner Pathways

"Young people need clear pathways to navigate from K-12 education into careers that align with their interests, strengths, and life goals. But they often lack the information, support, and access to choose and complete postsecondary pathways that are right for them.


The federal government can play an important role in bridging this gap, by providing guidance and funding to help states develop and support high-quality postsecondary pathways that provide the training, education, and credentials learners need. Delivering on this potential requires stronger, more cohesive, more equitable federal policies grounded in a clearer vision.


Bellwether's report, Finding a Way Forward: An Analysis of Federal Policy and Learner Pathways, provides an overview of the pathways landscape across the country, proposes a research-based vision for pathways participation, and elevates approaches to move federal policy forward on behalf of all learners"

Student Achievement / Education Policy

Source: Brookings Institute
Date: 4/26/2024
The decisive decade: Understanding the trajectories of 14- to 24-year-olds

The opportunities and challenges facing young adults in the "decisive decade" - between the ages of 14 and 24 - shape their long-term health, family, education, and work outcomes. Young adults face a myriad of firsts and opportunities: making independent decisions; landing a job; navigating adult relationships; having children; and attending school. These factors set the stage for their future opportunities. At the same time, this period is also marked by widening opportunity gaps by race, class, and gender as young people face varying levels of support and access to resources that can enable or impede their progress. This report provides a snapshot of how young adults are faring in the decisive decade and highlights the need for continued attention and investment in this critical period of life. By identifying key indicators of success and disparities, we hope to inform policy efforts aiming to improve young adults' opportunity.

Teacher Employment and Retention

Source: TNTP
Date: 4/25/2024
Moving Up: Promising Strategies to Address Teacher Shortages in Arkansas

Through its commitment to offering supportive licensure pathways designed to produce day one-ready teachers and developing a competitive financial value proposition for teachers, Arkansas has positioned itself as a state to learn from as policy makers across the nation work to strengthen the teacher workforce.


Source: EdChoice
Date: 4/25/2024
Fiscal Effects of the New Hampshire Education Freedom Account Program

This brief presents the results of a fiscal analysis of the New Hampshire Education Freedom Account Program. The Education Freedom Account Program enables students from low- and middle-income households to access education savings accounts (ESAs) designated for various educational purposes such as private school tuition, tutoring, textbooks, curriculum, educational therapies, and related expenses.


Source: EdChoice
Date: 4/25/2024
Fiscal Effects of the Iowa Education Savings Account Program

"This brief presents the results of a fiscal analysis of the Iowa Education Savings Account Program. The Iowa Education Savings Account Program offers eligible parents the opportunity to receive their children's per-pupil state funding directly into a parent-controlled education savings account (ESA), a fund earmarked for educational expenses. This program covers a range of costs such as private school tuition, tutoring, credentialing, therapies, online learning, and more. Before accessing other approved expenses, parents are required to utilize the funds for tuition and fees at an accredited non-public school."

Reports Reviewed

GLC seeks to ensure that policy briefs impacting education reform are based on sound, credible academic research. Below are reviews conducted with GLC support.

Review of Public Education at a Crossroads: A Comprehensive Look at K-12 Resources and Outcomes

Source: Reason Foundation
Reviewed by: Clive Belfield, City University of New York

Clive Belfield, a professor at the City University of New York and Principal Economist at the Center for Benefit-Cost Studies in Education, University of Pennsylvania, reviewed Public Education at a Crossroads: A Comprehensive Look at K-12 Resources and Outcomes, finding it to use poor methodology and analysis to lead to its vacuous conclusions-most pointedly that there "isn't a consistent relationship between funding growth and outcomes across states."

What We're Reading

Research and articles that we want to highlight for subscribers as potential resources:

House members, witnesses agree time is ripe to pass federal data privacy laws

By: Anna Merod, K-12 Dive

The proposals aiming to bolster data privacy protections, particularly COPPA 2.0, could impact how schools navigate contracts with ed tech companies that often handle sensitive student data.

How AI could transform the way schools test kids

By: Caroline Preston and Javeria Salman, The Hechinger Report

"AI is going to eat assessments for lunch," said Ulrich Boser, a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress, where he co-authored a research series on the future of assessments. He said that standardized testing may one day become a thing of the past, because AI has the potential to personalize testing to individual students.

AI Guidelines for K-12 Aim to Bring Order to the 'Wild West'

By: Nadia Tamez-Robledo, EdSurge

A coalition of 14 education organizations, helmed by the nonprofit Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute, released sample guidelines earlier this month that walk teachers and administrators through potential pitfalls to consider before using an AI tool in the classroom or for other tasks. That includes things like checking the accuracy of AI-generated content, citing AI-generated content, and judging which types of data are safe to enter into an AI program.

OSEP Fast Facts: Children Identified With Autism (Updated March 2024)

By: US Department of Education

"In the 2022-23 academic year, approximately 13% of students with disabilities were diagnosed with autism. This marks an increase of 8 percentage points from the 2008-09 school year, during which about 5% of students receiving special education services were identified as having autism."

Where Americans Are - and Aren't - Politically Divided on Education

By: Nadia Tamez-Robledo, EdSurge

Researchers at the University of Southern California set out to find what Americans think about topics that have been roiled in controversy over the past several years. The resulting study finds that while there are some obvious partisan divides, there are some surprising areas where most adults agree.